Principles and Outlook

The Coalition set forth as its measurements the following education standards. Education that is:

CBE Principles ( based on the CBE Outlook )

1. Principle of Balanced Education. A balanced education which is holistic, relevant, responsive and, accessible.


  1. holistic: education that emphasizes the development of well-rounded learners;
    • an education that develops a well-integrated person who:
      • has the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values (KSAV);
      • possesses the 3H: head - thinking, heart - feeling, and the hand - working;
      • is physically, socially, mentally and spiritually fit;
      • displays multiple intelligences:
        • linguistic
        • logical-mathematical.
        • spatial,
        • musical
        • bodily-kinesthetic,
        • intrapersonal
        • interpersonal
        • existentialist
        • moral, and
        • naturalist
  2. relevant: education that gives meaning to the life of learners;
    • a curriculum that is useful, effective, applicable, and resilient that could equip the learners with the basic skills and knowledge, attitudes and values necessary to prepare them to face life’s realities.
  3. responsive: education that meets the needs of learners within their local, regional, national and global environment;
    • an education that caters to the demands of society.
    • a responsive competency-based curriculum as evidenced in the employability of graduates.
  4. accessible: education that provides equal opportunities for all learners.
    • an adaptive curriculum that provides formal, non-formal, and informal education for all types of learners: regular and special.
    • Accessibility is the presence of a school in a community.

2. Principle of Collaboration of Stakeholders. Education as a shared responsibility among various stakeholders: Academe, Community, Government, Business & Industry.


  1. academe: consisting of administrators, teachers, students and support staff involved in curriculum and instruction in formal and alternative schooling
  2. community: represented by the parents and other members of the family, the church and non-government organizations - civic, professional, religious and others
  3. government: made up of government units, agencies, and organizations, particularly the Department of Education (DepED), Commission of Higher Education (CHED), Technical Skills and Development Authority (TESDA)
  4. Business & Industry: composed of micro-cottage, small and medium enterprises, multinational corporations, trade associations, cooperatives and others.

3. Principle of Learner-focused Outcome. The Filipino who is the employable, self-sustaining, socially responsible, nationalistic and globally competitive life-long learner.


  1. life-long learner - one who desires to continue learning through life
  2. employable - one who has developed the needed competencies for employment, practice of his/her profession and entrepreneurship
  3. self-sustaining - one who has integrated all his/her learnings to become a self-reliant person and productive member of society
  4. socially responsible - one who is a steward/stewardess in his/her physical and social environment
  5. nationalistic - one who manifests love of country and its people: ready to contribute to the development of his/her country
  6. globally competitive - one who excels in the global environment

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